This paper presents a comparative cyber security resilience estimation of shipboard radars that are implemented on two oil/chemical tankers certified as SOLAS ships. The estimated radars were chosen from the same manufacturer, but belonged to different generations. The estima- tion was conducted by means of ships’ crew interviews and computational testing of the radars using a widely deployed vulnerability scanning software tool. The identified cyber threats were analysed qualitatively in order to gain a holistic understanding of cyber risks threatening ship- board radar systems. The results obtained experimentally indicate that potential cyber threats mainly relate to maintenance of the radars’ underlying operating system, suggesting the need for regulatory standardisation of periodic cyber security testing of radar systems.
- Boris Svilicic, Igor Rudan, Vlado Frančić, Djani Mohović
- THE JOURNAL OF NAVIGATION
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